Nominative Case

Russian Nominative case (Имени́тельный паде́ж)


Russian Nominative case applies to the subject of a sentence.

All the words in any dictionary appear in Nominative case.

Nominative case is always used in the sentences with pronouns such as: "Э́то" (This is) and "Во́т" (Here is)


Example: 


Э́то Ма́ша (This is Masha)

Masha is the subject of the sentence. No changes.

The ending of the Nominative form of a noun must be changed only for plural.


Э́то Ма́ша



Forming Plurals in Russian (Nominative)


To make plural in English, you have to add "s" at the end of a noun.

Unlike English, in Russian you have to change the ending of a noun.

Let's make the plural form of a noun.


Example:


собáка (dog)


To make the plural form of a noun:

1. Determine the gender of a noun. Собáка is Feminine

2. Remove the last letter of the nominative form of a noun. Remove "a" in the word соба́ка 

3. Add the appropriate ending based on the rules below. According to the rules below it must be "собакы"

 Using Russian spelling rules, the previous consonant of the word is "к", then Собáка changes to собáки



MASCULINE NOUN
(Singular nominative)
Remove the last letter

Add ending

MASCULINE NOUN
(Plural)
  магази́н (store)-ы  магази́ны (stores)
  оте́ль (hotel)ьи  оте́ли (hotels)
  музе́й (museum)йи  музе́и (museums)

FEMININE NOUN
(Singular nominative)
Remove the last letter

Add ending

FEMININE NOUN
(Plural)
  ка́рта (map)аы  ка́рты (maps)
  ста́нция (station)яи  станции (stations)
  две́рь (door)ьи  две́ри (doors)
  Don't forget Russian Spelling Rules! Add "И" instead of "Ы" If the previous consonant is Г, К, Х, Ж, Ч, Ш, Щ

NEUTER NOUN
(Singular nominative)
Remove the last letter

Add ending

NEUTER NOUN
(Plural)
  письмо́ (letter)оа  пи́сьма (letters)
  зда́ние (building)ея  зда́ния (buildings)
Remember! Some of neuter nouns CAN NOT be changed. 
  ко́фе (coffee)   ра́дио (radio)  такси́ (taxi)   ми́сс (miss)
  кафе́ (cafe)      кино́ (movie)       казино́ (casino)   джаку́зи (jacuzzi)  
  пальто́ (coat)     шоссе́ (highway)  ателье́ (atelier)   ле́ди (lady)
  метро́ (metro)    бюро́ (bureau)    кака́о (cacao)  пюре́ (puree)
* These are the most common exceptions. 


Remember! There are some plural forms of nouns that can look completely different.
 MASCULINE EXCEPTIONS
SINGULARPLURAL
  господи́н (gentleman)  господа́ (gentlemen)
  друг (friend)   друзья́ (friends)
  у́гол (corner)  углы (corners)
  ребёнок (child)   де́ти (children)
  челове́к (person)  лю́ди (people)
  брат (brother)  бра́тья (brothers)
  сын (son)  сыновья́ (sons)
  FEMININE EXCEPTIONS
  мать (mother)  ма́тери (mothers)
  дочь (daughter)   до́чери (daughters)
  сестра́ (sister)  сёстры (sisters)
NEUTER EXCEPTIONS
  вре́мя (time)  времена́ (times)
  и́мя (name)  имена́ (names)
* These are the most common exceptions.



Russian Personal Pronouns (Nominative)



RussianTranscriptEnglish
SingularЯ[Ya]I
Ты[Ti]You (informal)
Он[On]He
Она́[Ona]She
Оно́[Ono]It
PluralМы[Mi]We
Вы[Vi]You (formal sing./plural)
Они́[Oni]They




Powered by Froala Editor