Accusative case

Russian Accusative case (Вини́тельный паде́ж)


Russian Accusative case applies to all nouns and it is used for the object of a sentence

Accusative case can also be used after prepositions "в" (to/in/ into) and "на" (on/to/at) when they indicate action/motion towards an object

In English, Accusative case is used only with pronouns. Her instead of She, Me instead of I, Him instead of He.


Example:


Ма́ша лю́бит соба́ку (Masha loves a dog

Masha is the subject. 

The dog is the object of Masha's love (action)

Accusative case must be applied to the word "dog".


Это соба́ка

Это Ма́ша                             авапМа́ша лю́бит соба́ку



Usage of Russian Accusative case


Accusative case must be applied to the Nominative form of a noun

Let's analyze our example: Ма́ша лю́бит соба́ку.

Ма́ша - name

лю́бит - conjugated verb form "люби́ть" (to love)

соба́ку - "dog" in Accusative form


Using Accusative case on the word "соба́ка"

1. Determine the gender of a noun. Соба́ка is Feminine

2. Remove the last letter of the nominative form of a noun. Remove the last "a" in the word соба́ка (Nominative form)

3. Add the appropriate ending based on the rules below. Соба́ка changes to соба́ку



Rules of Russian Accusative case (Singular form)


MASCULINE NOUN
(Nominative)
Remove last letterAdd endingMASCULINE NOUN
(Accusative)
     if inanimate (not alive)



  дом (house)no change  дом

     if animated (alive)


  това́рищ (comrade)if consonant, 
do not remove
a  това́рища
  геро́й (hero)йя  геро́я
  учи́тель (teacher)ья  учи́теля


FEMININE NOUN
(Nominative)
Remove last letterAdd endingFEMININE NOUN
(Accusative)
     animated/inanimate


  соба́каау  соба́ку
  ста́нцияяю  ста́нцию
  дочьif "ь" - no change  дочь


NEUTER NOUN
(Nominative)
Remove last letterAdd endingNEUTER NOUN
(Accusative)
     animated/inanimate

  зда́ние (building)no change  зда́ние
  существо́ (creature)  существо́ 



Rules of Russian Accusative Case (Plural form)


The accusative plural form is divided in two groups: animated (alive) and inanimate (not alive).

To make the plural form, the accusative case takes rules from other cases.

If inanimate (not alive) use Nominative plural table

If animate (alive) use Genitive plural table



Personal Pronouns of Russian Accusative case



Nominative
Accusative
Singular
Russian
Transcript
English
Russian
Transcript
English
Я[Ya]IМеня́[Menya]Me
Ты[Ti]You (informal)Тебя́[Tebya]You
Он[On]HeЕго́[Evo]Him
Она́[Ona]SheЕё[Yeyo]Her
Оно́[Ono]ItЕго́[Evo]Him
PluralМы[Mi]WeНас[Nas]Us
Вы[Vi]You (formal/pl)Вас[Vas]You
Они́[Oni]TheyИх[ih]Them




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