Days, Months, Seasons

Days of the week in Russian


Important: In Russia, the week starts from Monday, not from Sunday. Days, months and the names of the seasons must be written without capital letter in the beginning, unlike English.


ENGLISHRUSSIANTRANSCRIPTION
Mondayпонеде́льникponedel'nik
Tuesdayвто́рникvtornik
Wednesdayсреда́sreda
Thursdayчетве́ргchetverg
Fridayпя́тницаpyatnitsa
Saturdayсуббо́таsubota
Sundayвоскресе́ньеvoskresen'ye
Weekнеде́ляnedelya
Dayденьden'


Russian preposition "в" is used as English "on/in/at" . You also have to use Prepositional case to change the endings of the days.


Examples:


В понеде́льник Ма́ша пойдёт в шко́лу. (On Monday Masha is going to the school)

У нас бу́дет вечери́нка в пя́тницу. (We have a party on Friday)

Во вто́рник мы бу́дем учи́ть англи́йский. (On Tuesday we are going to study English)


Note: "во вто́рник" is an exception. You have to use "во" instead of just "в"



Months in Russian


ENGLISH
RUSSIAN
TRANSCRIPTION
Januaryянва́рьyanvar'
Februaryфевра́льfevral'
Marchмартmart
Aprilапре́льaprel'
Mayма́йmai
Juneию́ньiyun'
Julyию́льiyul' 
Augustа́вгустavgust
Septemberсентя́брьsentyabr'
Octoberоктя́брьoktyabr'
Novemberноя́брьnoyabr'
Decemberдека́брьdekabr'
Monthме́сяцmesyats
Yearгодgod



Russian preposition "в" is used as English "on/in/at". You also have to use Prepositional case to change the endings of the months.


Examples:


Ма́ша пое́дет на да́чу в ма́е. (Masha is going to the country house in May)

В декабре́ бу́дет о́чень хо́лодно. (In December is going to be very cold)

У меня́ день рожде́ния в ма́рте. (My birthday is in March)


Related:

Prepositional case

Personal Pronouns

Russian Future Tense



Seasons in Russian


ENGLISH
RUSSIAN
TRANSCRIPTION
Winterзима́zima
Springвесна́vesna
Summerле́тоleto
Autumnо́сеньosen'
Seasonсезо́н/вре́мя го́даsezon/vremya goda
Seasonsсезо́ны*/времена́ го́да**sezoni/vremena goda


Related:

*How to make Plurals

**Genetive Case



Related words


ENGLISH
RUSSIAN
TRANSCRIPTION
Todayсего́дняsevodnya
Tomorrowза́втраzavtra
Yesterdayвчера́vchera
The day after tomorrowпослеза́втраposlezavtra
The day before yesterdayпозавчера́pozavchera




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